Changing Paleoclimates and Mass Extinctions

Paleoclimate References

by Donald L. Blanchard

 

     
BARRON, E. J., 1984, Climatic implications of the variable obliquity explanation of Cretaceous-Paleogene high-latitude floras, Geology, 12: 595-598.

BENTON, M. J., 1993. Late Triassic extinctions and the origin of the dinosaurs. Science, 260: 769-770.

BRENCHLEY, P. J., MARSHAL, J. D., CARDEN, G. A. F., ROBERTSON, D. B. R., LONG, D. G. F., MEIDLA, T., HINTS, L., and ANDERSON, T. F., 1994. Bathymetric and isotopic evidence for a short-lived Late Ordovician glaciation in a greenhouse period. Geology, 22: 295-298.

BROUWERS, E. M., CLEMENS, W. A., SPICER, R. A., AGER, T. A., CARTER, L. D., and SLITER, W. V., 1987. Dinosaurs on the North Slope, Alaska: high latitude Latest Cretaceous environments. Science, 237: 1608-1610.

BROUWERS, E. M., and De DECKKER, P., 1993. Late Maastrichtian and Danian ostracode faunas from northern Alaska: reconstructions of environment and paleogeography. Palaios, 8: 140-154.

CHANDLER, M. A., RIND, D., and RUEDY, R., 1992. Pangean climate during the Early Jurassic: GMC simulations and the sedimentary record of paleoclimate. Geol. Soc. Am. Bul., 104: 543-559.

CROWLEY, T. J. and BAUM, S. K., 1991. Estimating Carboniferous sea-level fluctuations from Gondwanan ice extent. Geology, 19: 975-977.

CROWLEY, T. J., 1994. Pangean climates, in G. D. Klein, ed., Pangea: Paleoclimate, tectonics, and sedimentation during accretion, zenith, and breakup of a supercontinent. Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap. 288.

DICKINS, J. M., 1993. Climate of the Late Devonian to Triassic. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 100: 89-94.

ERWIN, D. H., 1994. The Permo-Triassic extinction. Nature, 367: 231-236.

FOWELL, S. J. and OLSEN, P. E., 1993. Time calibrations of Triassic/Jurassic microfloral turnover, eastern North America. Tectonophysics, 222: 361-369.

GRAHN, Y. and CAPUTO, M. V., 1992. Early Silurian glaciations in Brazil. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 99: 9-15.

HANEL, R., el al, 1986. Infrared Observations of the Uranian System. Science, 233: 70.

HARLAND, W. B., COX, A. V., LLEWELLYN, P. G., PICKERTON, C. A. G., and WALTERS, R., 1982. A geologic time scale. Cambridge University Press.

LEVELL, B. K., BRAAKMAN, J. H., and RUTTEN, K. W., 1988. Oil-bearing sediments of Gondwana glaciation in Oman. Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., 72: 775-796.

LONG, D. G. F., 1993. Oxygen and carbon isotopes and event stratigraphy near the Ordovician-Silurian boundary, Anticosti Island Quebec. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 104: 49-59.

MACPHAIL, M. K., COLHOUN, E. A., KIERNAN, K., and HANNAN, D., 1993. Glacial climates in the Antarctic region during the late Paleogene; evidence from Northwest Tasmania, Australia. Geology, 21(2): 145-148.

MAXWELL, W. D., 1992. Permian and Early Triassic extinction of non-marine Tetrapods. Paleontology, 35(3): 571-583.

MEERT, J. G. and van der VOO, R., 1994. The Neoproterozoic (1000-540 Ma) glacial intervals: No more snowball earth?. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 123: 1-13.

MOORE, T. L. and WORSLEY, T. R., 1994. Orogenic enhancement of weathering and continental ice-sheet initiation, in G. D. Klein, ed., Pangea: Paleoclimate, tectonics, and sedimentation during accretion, zenith, and breakup of a supercontinent. Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap. 288.

RAUP, D. M., and SEPKOSKI Jr., J. J., 1986. Periodic Extinction of Families and Genera. Science, 231: 833-836.

ROSS, C. A. and ROSS, J. R. P., 1985. Carboniferous and Early Permian biogeography. Geology, 13: 27-30.

SIMMS, M. J. and RUFFELL, A. H., 1989. Synchroneity of climate change and extinctions in the Late Triassic. Geology, 17: 265-268.

SMITH, T. M. and DOROBEK, S. L., 1993. Stable isotopic composition of meteoric calcites: evidence for Early Mississippian climate change in the Mission Canyon Formation, Montana. Technophysics, 222: 317-331.

STANLEY, S. M., 1988. Climatic Cooling and Mass Extinction of Paleozoic Reef Communities. Palaios, 3: 228-232.

STANLEY, S. M., 1987. Extinctions, Scientific American Books, New York.

VIDAL, G, and KNOLL, A. H., 1982. Radiations and extinctions of plankton in the late Proterozoic and early Cambrian. Nature, 297:57-60.

WANG, K., GELDSETZER, H. H. J., and KROUSE, H. R., 1994. Permian-Triassic extinction: Organic [delta]13C evidence from British Columbia, Canada. Geology, 22: 580-584.

WANG, K., ORTH, C. J., ATTREP Jr., M. CHATTERTON, B. D. E., WANG, X., and LI, J., 1993. The great latest Ordovician extinction on the South China Plate: Chemostratigraphic studies of the Ordovician-Silurian boundary interval on the Yangtze Platform. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 104: 61-79.

WILLIAMS, G. E., 1975, Late Precambrian glacial climate and the Earth's Obliquity. Geological Magazine, 112: 441,465.

WILLIAMS, G. E., 1993, History of the Earth's obliquity. Earth-Science Reviews, 34: 1-45.

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File created on June 1, 1997.
Last updated November 2004.